# Tuesday, October 17, 2006

After some minor setbacks, I’m finally getting going with ADAM, and amazed at how well it works (once you figure out how it’s supposed to work, which is a non-trivial undertaking).  One thing that makes it harder is that most of the (still scant) documentation around ADAM is geared toward IT Pros, not developers, so there are plenty of places where you track down the documentation for that critical change you need to make to your directory, only to be told “start the command line tool…”.  Frustrating, but workable. 

Once the magic incantations are prized forth, it seems very fast.  Granted we’re not doing anything tricky at this point, but adding users, setting passwords, simple queries, all seem pretty snappy. 

On my previous problems with ADAM and AzMan integration, this is apparently caused by the fact that I had my users in one application partition in ADAM, and my AzMan store in another partition in the same ADAM instance.  The official word is that this is not supported, which probably makes sense.  It means that I’ll probably end up using a separate ADAM instance as the AzMan store, or fall back to the XML file, although that’s harder to distribute.  Only time will tell.

Tuesday, October 17, 2006 10:32:08 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 

Over the weekend I took my kids for a hike up the Deschutes river from where it meets the Columbia, just east of the Dalles.  The weather was pretty nice, although it was overcast most of the day.  At least the rain held off until the middle of the night.  Check out pictures and a brief description at portlandhikers.com

This was the longest hike I’ve ever done with my kids, and as we’ve progressed toward longer hikes over the summer, I’ve learned some valuable lessons about hiking with children and how to make the trip more enjoyable for everyone.  I got a lot of great tips from Extreme Kids: How to Connect With Your Children Through Today's Extreme (and Not So Extreme) Outdoor Sports.  It’s a very well written book, that starts with some general tips about going outdoors with children, and then has some sport-specific information in the second half.  The tips I’ve gotten the most out of so far:

  • dress them for the part.  Hiking-specific gear like hydration packs, boots, and trekking poles make them feel like they are participating in something special, and really help get them out on the trail.
  • talk up the hike.  Take some time to talk up the hike.  Make it sound hard, question their ability to handle such a difficult task (not too seriously) and make it into a challenge.  This has made a huge difference.  My kids both boogied right up Little Belknap Crater after I played up the difficulty of “scaling a volcano”. 
  • keep them fed.  Keeping their blood sugar up is vital.  I’ve started packing not just granola/Clif bars, but some smaller snacks to keep them sugared up.  Generally we avoid giving them sugar, so this one took me a while to warm up to, but on last weekend’s 7.8 miler, it made a big difference.  They were tired, but the never crashed.  The new Jelly Belly “Sports Beans” work great for this.  They are basically jelly beans with electrolytes in them (like Gatorade) that come in 100 calorie packs.  The kids love them, and the feel like they are getting away with something. :-)  We also tried some Clif Shot Bloks, which proved popular.  They come in packs of 6, and were easy to dole out at key milestones.

These tips (and more from the book) have made our time together outside much more enjoyable.  I’m already looking forward to next season (and maybe some snowshoeing over the winter).

Tuesday, October 17, 2006 10:18:17 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 
# Wednesday, October 11, 2006

I'm here in Redmond at the patterns and practices Summit, and yesterday Don Smith had some very interesting things to say about versioning of web services.  He was polling the audience for opinions and scenarios, and I started to realize that I hadn't thought very hard about the problem.  Typically in cases where I've wanted to version a web services, I've left the existing endpoint in place (supporting the old interface) and added a new endpoint which supports the new interface.  I still think that's a pretty good solution.  What I realized, though, was that there's no way to communicate the information about the new interface programmatically.  It still pretty much requires a phone call. 

Don suggested something like RSS (or actually RSS) to push information about new versions out to clients.  Another suggestion was to have people actively "subscribe" to your service.  That would not only handle the "push" notification, but you'd know how many people were actually using your old vs. new interface, etc. 

I started thinking about something like a WS-VersioningPolicy.  We already have standards like WS-SecurityPolicy, which carry metadata about how you should secure your use of a given service.  Why not use a similar formal, programmatic method for distributing information about versioning policy.  You could convey information like methods that are deprecated, where to find the new versioned endpoint (if that's your strategy), or define up front policies about how you will version your interface without switching to a new endpoint. 

That still doesn't solve the "push" problem.  Clients would have to not only consume the policy file at the time they start using the service, but presumably they'd have to check it from time to time.  That suggests human intervention at some level.  Hmmm. 

This is a hard problem, but one that Don's pretty passionate about solving, so check out his blog for future developments in this space.

Wednesday, October 11, 2006 9:12:47 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 
# Friday, October 06, 2006

I'd been having some trouble (read: beating my head against the wall) trying to get passwords set/changed for users in ADAM early this week.  Unfortunately, many of the available samples are geared toward IT rather than development users, so tend to be in script, etc.  I've been working from the excellent book "The .NET Developer's Guide to Directory Services Programming" by Joe Kaplan and Ryan Dunn.  Sadly, I couldn't get their password changing samples to work, although aside from that the information in the book has been invaluable. 

I finally found what I needed in an obscure section of the documentation after many a googling.  This article gave me the key info that made this work.  I haven't tried all the permutations, but I think the key piece I was missing was the right combination of AuthenticationTypes flags


            // Set authentication flags.

            // For non-secure connection, use LDAP port and

            //  ADS_USE_SIGNING |

            //  ADS_USE_SEALING |


            // For secure connection, use SSL port and


            AuthTypes = AuthenticationTypes.Signing |

                AuthenticationTypes.Sealing |



            // Bind to user object using LDAP port.



                objUser = new DirectoryEntry(

                    strPath, null, null, AuthTypes);



            catch (Exception e)


                Console.WriteLine("Error:   Bind failed.");

                Console.WriteLine("        {0}.", e.Message);



This sample worked just fine, and I was finally able to set or change passwords for ADAM users.  Once that's done, authenticating that user is as easy as

            DirectoryEntry de = new DirectoryEntry("LDAP://localhost:50000/RootDSE",





If the supplied password is correct, it succeeds, else you get an exception. 

Now I can get on with the interesting parts...

Friday, October 06, 2006 10:42:25 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [1]  | 
# Thursday, October 05, 2006

I’m a relative newcomer to the world of alt country, so everybody but me probably already knew, but Neko Case #@*! ROCKS!  She’s got an amazing voice, and really captures that “torch and twang” aesthetic (which I love).  I’ve listened to Furnace Room Lullaby about 5 times in the last couple days, and I’m wowed each and every time.  I’d put it right up there with k.d. lang’s Absolute Torch and Twang.  This is what I love about Rhapsody.  I’d never hear all this great music otherwise. 

My other big faves right now are Blue Horse by the Be Good Tanyas, and Springtime Can Kill You by Jollie Holland.  Good stuff.

Thursday, October 05, 2006 9:55:18 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 
# Wednesday, October 04, 2006

I wanted to check out some CardSpace stuff today, so I bit the bullet and installed IE7 RC1.  In the short space of time I played with it, it looks pretty good.  However, as soon as it was installed, my Rhapsody client started crashing on startup.  Bummer.  The Rhapsody client hosts IE to do its “Music Guide” stuff, so I wasn’t really surprised that it didn’t handle the change well.  I’m pretty addicted to Rhapsody at work, since I can listen to just about anything I might want to. (Today it’s been a bunch of alt country stuff, Neko Case, The Sadies, Whiskeytown, Be Good Tanyas…yesterday was largely a Rage Against the Machine/The Prodigy kinda day.)

Apparently, this is a known problem, and Real says tough rocks.  I don’t blame them.  It’s what I’d tell me.  Luckily, some crafty bugger in the Real support forum mentioned that it worked for him if he cleared his IE cache before starting Rhapsody. 

Son-of-a-gun, that worked.  We’ll see how long it lasts…

Home | Music
Wednesday, October 04, 2006 3:02:49 PM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  | 
# Tuesday, October 03, 2006

I’m sure this must work for someone, but I’m having a heck of a time with ADAM.  The latest is that I can create users just fine, assign properties to them, etc., but I cannot seem to set their passwords.  I feel like I’m missing something here, possible a permissions problem, although I can set passwords through the ADSI GUI.  The other possibility is that the user is not in the right state, maybe not correctly enabled, or something.  This is the code that should work

            entry = new DirectoryEntry("LDAP://localhost:50000/CN=test.user,OU=Users,C=Bank", null, null, AuthenticationTypes.Secure);


            entry.Options.PasswordEncoding = PasswordEncodingMethod.PasswordEncodingClear;

            entry.Options.PasswordPort = 50000;


            entry.Invoke("ChangePassword", new object[] {"old","new"});

Unfortunately, I have no idea what the problem really is, because all I get back is

System.Reflection.TargetInvocationException was unhandled
  Message="Exception has been thrown by the target of an invocation."
       at System.DirectoryServices.DirectoryEntry.Invoke(String methodName, Object[] args)
       at AdAzMan.Program.Main(String[] args) in Program.cs:line 43
       at System.AppDomain.nExecuteAssembly(Assembly assembly, String[] args)
       at System.AppDomain.ExecuteAssembly(String assemblyFile, Evidence assemblySecurity, String[] args)
       at Microsoft.VisualStudio.HostingProcess.HostProc.RunUsersAssembly()
       at System.Threading.ThreadHelper.ThreadStart_Context(Object state)
       at System.Threading.ExecutionContext.Run(ExecutionContext executionContext, ContextCallback callback, Object state)
       at System.Threading.ThreadHelper.ThreadStart()

Where the inner exception is {"An operations error occurred. (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80072020)"}.  Not very helpful.  That’s pretty much equivalent to “something bad happened”.  Granted, it’s a different error from the ones I get if the bind fails, or if I don’t set the entry’s password options to allow changing the password over an insecure channel, but this one’s got me stymied.

Tuesday, October 03, 2006 10:33:39 AM (Pacific Daylight Time, UTC-07:00)  #    Disclaimer  |  Comments [0]  |